Hashcat cheatsheet

官方網站:https://hashcat.net/hashcat/

安裝方式: brew install hashcat

字典檔:rockyou.txt

使用方法 :

hashcat -m 0 -a 3 '78ab0493b8d40e35883bd728d960bec7' -1 '?d' -2 '?l'  '?1?2?1?2?1?2' --show

-m 後面接下方 Hash Mode 的參數,找到對應的 Hash algorithm
-a 是設定 Attack Mode

-1,-2,-3 … 是設定爆破規則:

EX : -1 '?d', 把 “1” 定義為一個數字 (對應下表的 [ Built-in Charsets ] 欄位)

\rightarrow ?1?2 是第一個字元,套用 ‘1’ 的規則,第二個字元套用 ‘2’ 的規則

>> 78ab0493b8d40e35883bd728d960bec7:1a2s3d

其他規則參見 : hashcat --help

-------------
- [ Hash modes ] -

# | Name | Category
======+==================================================+======================================
900 | MD4 | Raw Hash
0 | MD5 | Raw Hash
5100 | Half MD5 | Raw Hash
100 | SHA1 | Raw Hash
1300 | SHA-224 | Raw Hash
1400 | SHA-256 | Raw Hash
10800 | SHA-384 | Raw Hash
1700 | SHA-512 | Raw Hash
5000 | SHA-3 (Keccak) | Raw Hash
600 | BLAKE2b-512 | Raw Hash
10100 | SipHash | Raw Hash
6000 | RIPEMD-160 | Raw Hash
6100 | Whirlpool | Raw Hash
6900 | GOST R 34.11-94 | Raw Hash
11700 | GOST R 34.11-2012 (Streebog) 256-bit | Raw Hash
11800 | GOST R 34.11-2012 (Streebog) 512-bit | Raw Hash
10 | md5($pass.$salt) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
20 | md5($salt.$pass) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
30 | md5(utf16le($pass).$salt) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
40 | md5($salt.utf16le($pass)) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
3800 | md5($salt.$pass.$salt) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
3710 | md5($salt.md5($pass)) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
4010 | md5($salt.md5($salt.$pass)) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
4110 | md5($salt.md5($pass.$salt)) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
2600 | md5(md5($pass)) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
3910 | md5(md5($pass).md5($salt)) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
4300 | md5(strtoupper(md5($pass))) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
4400 | md5(sha1($pass)) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
110 | sha1($pass.$salt) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
120 | sha1($salt.$pass) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
130 | sha1(utf16le($pass).$salt) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
140 | sha1($salt.utf16le($pass)) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
4500 | sha1(sha1($pass)) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
4520 | sha1($salt.sha1($pass)) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
4700 | sha1(md5($pass)) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
4900 | sha1($salt.$pass.$salt) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
14400 | sha1(CX) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
1410 | sha256($pass.$salt) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
1420 | sha256($salt.$pass) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
1430 | sha256(utf16le($pass).$salt) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
1440 | sha256($salt.utf16le($pass)) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
1710 | sha512($pass.$salt) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
1720 | sha512($salt.$pass) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
1730 | sha512(utf16le($pass).$salt) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
1740 | sha512($salt.utf16le($pass)) | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
50 | HMAC-MD5 (key = $pass) | Raw Hash, Authenticated
60 | HMAC-MD5 (key = $salt) | Raw Hash, Authenticated
150 | HMAC-SHA1 (key = $pass) | Raw Hash, Authenticated
160 | HMAC-SHA1 (key = $salt) | Raw Hash, Authenticated
1450 | HMAC-SHA256 (key = $pass) | Raw Hash, Authenticated
1460 | HMAC-SHA256 (key = $salt) | Raw Hash, Authenticated
1750 | HMAC-SHA512 (key = $pass) | Raw Hash, Authenticated
1760 | HMAC-SHA512 (key = $salt) | Raw Hash, Authenticated
14000 | DES (PT = $salt, key = $pass) | Raw Cipher, Known-Plaintext attack
14100 | 3DES (PT = $salt, key = $pass) | Raw Cipher, Known-Plaintext attack
14900 | Skip32 (PT = $salt, key = $pass) | Raw Cipher, Known-Plaintext attack
15400 | ChaCha20 | Raw Cipher, Known-Plaintext attack
400 | phpass | Generic KDF
8900 | scrypt | Generic KDF
11900 | PBKDF2-HMAC-MD5 | Generic KDF
12000 | PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA1 | Generic KDF
10900 | PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256 | Generic KDF
12100 | PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA512 | Generic KDF
23 | Skype | Network Protocols
2500 | WPA/WPA2 | Network Protocols
2501 | WPA/WPA2 PMK | Network Protocols
4800 | iSCSI CHAP authentication, MD5(CHAP) | Network Protocols
5300 | IKE-PSK MD5 | Network Protocols
5400 | IKE-PSK SHA1 | Network Protocols
5500 | NetNTLMv1 | Network Protocols
5500 | NetNTLMv1+ESS | Network Protocols
5600 | NetNTLMv2 | Network Protocols
7300 | IPMI2 RAKP HMAC-SHA1 | Network Protocols
7500 | Kerberos 5 AS-REQ Pre-Auth etype 23 | Network Protocols
8300 | DNSSEC (NSEC3) | Network Protocols
10200 | CRAM-MD5 | Network Protocols
11100 | PostgreSQL CRAM (MD5) | Network Protocols
11200 | MySQL CRAM (SHA1) | Network Protocols
11400 | SIP digest authentication (MD5) | Network Protocols
13100 | Kerberos 5 TGS-REP etype 23 | Network Protocols
16100 | TACACS+ | Network Protocols
121 | SMF (Simple Machines Forum) > v1.1 | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
400 | phpBB3 (MD5) | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
2611 | vBulletin < v3.8.5 | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
2711 | vBulletin >= v3.8.5 | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
2811 | MyBB 1.2+ | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
2811 | IPB2+ (Invision Power Board) | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
8400 | WBB3 (Woltlab Burning Board) | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
11 | Joomla < 2.5.18 | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
400 | Joomla >= 2.5.18 (MD5) | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
400 | WordPress (MD5) | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
2612 | PHPS | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
7900 | Drupal7 | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
21 | osCommerce | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
21 | xt:Commerce | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
11000 | PrestaShop | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
124 | Django (SHA-1) | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
10000 | Django (PBKDF2-SHA256) | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
16000 | Tripcode | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
3711 | MediaWiki B type | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
13900 | OpenCart | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
4521 | Redmine | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
4522 | PunBB | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
12001 | Atlassian (PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA1) | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce, Frameworks
12 | PostgreSQL | Database Server
131 | MSSQL (2000) | Database Server
132 | MSSQL (2005) | Database Server
1731 | MSSQL (2012, 2014) | Database Server
200 | MySQL323 | Database Server
300 | MySQL4.1/MySQL5 | Database Server
3100 | Oracle H: Type (Oracle 7+) | Database Server
112 | Oracle S: Type (Oracle 11+) | Database Server
12300 | Oracle T: Type (Oracle 12+) | Database Server
8000 | Sybase ASE | Database Server
141 | Episerver 6.x < .NET 4 | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
1441 | Episerver 6.x >= .NET 4 | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
1600 | Apache $apr1$ MD5, md5apr1, MD5 (APR) | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
12600 | ColdFusion 10+ | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
1421 | hMailServer | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
101 | nsldap, SHA-1(Base64), Netscape LDAP SHA | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
111 | nsldaps, SSHA-1(Base64), Netscape LDAP SSHA | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
1411 | SSHA-256(Base64), LDAP {SSHA256} | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
1711 | SSHA-512(Base64), LDAP {SSHA512} | HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
15000 | FileZilla Server >= 0.9.55 | FTP Server
11500 | CRC32 | Checksums
3000 | LM | Operating Systems
1000 | NTLM | Operating Systems
1100 | Domain Cached Credentials (DCC), MS Cache | Operating Systems
2100 | Domain Cached Credentials 2 (DCC2), MS Cache 2 | Operating Systems
15300 | DPAPI masterkey file v1 | Operating Systems
15900 | DPAPI masterkey file v2 | Operating Systems
12800 | MS-AzureSync PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256 | Operating Systems
1500 | descrypt, DES (Unix), Traditional DES | Operating Systems
12400 | BSDi Crypt, Extended DES | Operating Systems
500 | md5crypt, MD5 (Unix), Cisco-IOS $1$ (MD5) | Operating Systems
3200 | bcrypt $2*$, Blowfish (Unix) | Operating Systems
7400 | sha256crypt $5$, SHA256 (Unix) | Operating Systems
1800 | sha512crypt $6$, SHA512 (Unix) | Operating Systems
122 | macOS v10.4, MacOS v10.5, MacOS v10.6 | Operating Systems
1722 | macOS v10.7 | Operating Systems
7100 | macOS v10.8+ (PBKDF2-SHA512) | Operating Systems
6300 | AIX {smd5} | Operating Systems
6700 | AIX {ssha1} | Operating Systems
6400 | AIX {ssha256} | Operating Systems
6500 | AIX {ssha512} | Operating Systems
2400 | Cisco-PIX MD5 | Operating Systems
2410 | Cisco-ASA MD5 | Operating Systems
500 | Cisco-IOS $1$ (MD5) | Operating Systems
5700 | Cisco-IOS type 4 (SHA256) | Operating Systems
9200 | Cisco-IOS $8$ (PBKDF2-SHA256) | Operating Systems
9300 | Cisco-IOS $9$ (scrypt) | Operating Systems
22 | Juniper NetScreen/SSG (ScreenOS) | Operating Systems
501 | Juniper IVE | Operating Systems
15100 | Juniper/NetBSD sha1crypt | Operating Systems
7000 | FortiGate (FortiOS) | Operating Systems
5800 | Samsung Android Password/PIN | Operating Systems
13800 | Windows Phone 8+ PIN/password | Operating Systems
8100 | Citrix NetScaler | Operating Systems
8500 | RACF | Operating Systems
7200 | GRUB 2 | Operating Systems
9900 | Radmin2 | Operating Systems
125 | ArubaOS | Operating Systems
7700 | SAP CODVN B (BCODE) | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
7800 | SAP CODVN F/G (PASSCODE) | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
10300 | SAP CODVN H (PWDSALTEDHASH) iSSHA-1 | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
8600 | Lotus Notes/Domino 5 | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
8700 | Lotus Notes/Domino 6 | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
9100 | Lotus Notes/Domino 8 | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
133 | PeopleSoft | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
13500 | PeopleSoft PS_TOKEN | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
11600 | 7-Zip | Archives
12500 | RAR3-hp | Archives
13000 | RAR5 | Archives
13200 | AxCrypt | Archives
13300 | AxCrypt in-memory SHA1 | Archives
13600 | WinZip | Archives
14700 | iTunes backup < 10.0 | Backup
14800 | iTunes backup >= 10.0 | Backup
62XY | TrueCrypt | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
X | 1 = PBKDF2-HMAC-RIPEMD160 | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
X | 2 = PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA512 | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
X | 3 = PBKDF2-HMAC-Whirlpool | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
X | 4 = PBKDF2-HMAC-RIPEMD160 + boot-mode | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 1 = XTS 512 bit pure AES | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 1 = XTS 512 bit pure Serpent | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 1 = XTS 512 bit pure Twofish | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit pure AES | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit pure Serpent | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit pure Twofish | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit cascaded AES-Twofish | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit cascaded Serpent-AES | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit cascaded Twofish-Serpent | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 3 = XTS 1536 bit all | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
8800 | Android FDE <= 4.3 | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
12900 | Android FDE (Samsung DEK) | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
12200 | eCryptfs | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
137XY | VeraCrypt | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
X | 1 = PBKDF2-HMAC-RIPEMD160 | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
X | 2 = PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA512 | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
X | 3 = PBKDF2-HMAC-Whirlpool | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
X | 4 = PBKDF2-HMAC-RIPEMD160 + boot-mode | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
X | 5 = PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256 | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
X | 6 = PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256 + boot-mode | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 1 = XTS 512 bit pure AES | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 1 = XTS 512 bit pure Serpent | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 1 = XTS 512 bit pure Twofish | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit pure AES | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit pure Serpent | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit pure Twofish | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit cascaded AES-Twofish | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit cascaded Serpent-AES | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 2 = XTS 1024 bit cascaded Twofish-Serpent | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
Y | 3 = XTS 1536 bit all | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
14600 | LUKS | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
9700 | MS Office <= 2003 $0/$1, MD5 + RC4 | Documents
9710 | MS Office <= 2003 $0/$1, MD5 + RC4, collider #1 | Documents
9720 | MS Office <= 2003 $0/$1, MD5 + RC4, collider #2 | Documents
9800 | MS Office <= 2003 $3/$4, SHA1 + RC4 | Documents
9810 | MS Office <= 2003 $3, SHA1 + RC4, collider #1 | Documents
9820 | MS Office <= 2003 $3, SHA1 + RC4, collider #2 | Documents
9400 | MS Office 2007 | Documents
9500 | MS Office 2010 | Documents
9600 | MS Office 2013 | Documents
10400 | PDF 1.1 - 1.3 (Acrobat 2 - 4) | Documents
10410 | PDF 1.1 - 1.3 (Acrobat 2 - 4), collider #1 | Documents
10420 | PDF 1.1 - 1.3 (Acrobat 2 - 4), collider #2 | Documents
10500 | PDF 1.4 - 1.6 (Acrobat 5 - 8) | Documents
10600 | PDF 1.7 Level 3 (Acrobat 9) | Documents
10700 | PDF 1.7 Level 8 (Acrobat 10 - 11) | Documents
16200 | Apple Secure Notes | Documents
9000 | Password Safe v2 | Password Managers
5200 | Password Safe v3 | Password Managers
6800 | LastPass + LastPass sniffed | Password Managers
6600 | 1Password, agilekeychain | Password Managers
8200 | 1Password, cloudkeychain | Password Managers
11300 | Bitcoin/Litecoin wallet.dat | Password Managers
12700 | Blockchain, My Wallet | Password Managers
15200 | Blockchain, My Wallet, V2 | Password Managers
13400 | KeePass 1 (AES/Twofish) and KeePass 2 (AES) | Password Managers
15500 | JKS Java Key Store Private Keys (SHA1) | Password Managers
15600 | Ethereum Wallet, PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256 | Password Managers
15700 | Ethereum Wallet, SCRYPT | Password Managers
99999 | Plaintext | Plaintext

- [ Outfile Formats ] -

# | Format
===+========
1 | hash[:salt]
2 | plain
3 | hash[:salt]:plain
4 | hex_plain
5 | hash[:salt]:hex_plain
6 | plain:hex_plain
7 | hash[:salt]:plain:hex_plain
8 | crackpos
9 | hash[:salt]:crack_pos
10 | plain:crack_pos
11 | hash[:salt]:plain:crack_pos
12 | hex_plain:crack_pos
13 | hash[:salt]:hex_plain:crack_pos
14 | plain:hex_plain:crack_pos
15 | hash[:salt]:plain:hex_plain:crack_pos

- [ Rule Debugging Modes ] -

# | Format
===+========
1 | Finding-Rule
2 | Original-Word
3 | Original-Word:Finding-Rule
4 | Original-Word:Finding-Rule:Processed-Word

- [ Attack Modes ] -

# | Mode
===+======
0 | Straight
1 | Combination
3 | Brute-force
6 | Hybrid Wordlist + Mask
7 | Hybrid Mask + Wordlist

- [ Built-in Charsets ] -

? | Charset
===+=========
l | abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
u | ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
d | 0123456789
h | 0123456789abcdef
H | 0123456789ABCDEF
s | !"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\]^_`{|}~
a | ?l?u?d?s
b | 0x00 - 0xff

- [ OpenCL Device Types ] -

# | Device Type
===+=============
1 | CPU
2 | GPU
3 | FPGA, DSP, Co-Processor

- [ Workload Profiles ] -

# | Performance | Runtime | Power Consumption | Desktop Impact
===+=============+=========+===================+=================
1 | Low | 2 ms | Low | Minimal
2 | Default | 12 ms | Economic | Noticeable
3 | High | 96 ms | High | Unresponsive
4 | Nightmare | 480 ms | Insane | Headless

- [ Basic Examples ] -

Attack- | Hash- |
Mode | Type | Example command
==================+=======+==================================================================
Wordlist | $P$ | hashcat -a 0 -m 400 example400.hash example.dict
Wordlist + Rules | MD5 | hashcat -a 0 -m 0 example0.hash example.dict -r rules/best64.rule
Brute-Force | MD5 | hashcat -a 3 -m 0 example0.hash ?a?a?a?a?a?a
Combinator | MD5 | hashcat -a 1 -m 0 example0.hash example.dict example.dict